李汪哲 Wang-Che Lee

WEA 6+1

判斷能力     Judgment

戶外生活     Outdoor Living

後勤計畫     Planning and Logistics

團隊領導     Leadership

風險管理     Risk Management

環境整合     Environmental Integration

教 育            Education 

 

國立體育大學/休閒產業經營學系/戶外冒險組

[email protected]




判斷能力 Judgement 

Outdoor leaders must demonstrate judgment by effectively integrating educational components and situational variables to make and implement quality decisions. Accurate assessment and application of skills using judgment is the central quality of an effective outdoor leader.


Example:中嶺池

透過學校舉辦的課程,我們有機會來到宜蘭的中嶺池,而此地人煙稀少,需要我們在雜草中尋找隱蔽的路跡,我在出發前先閱讀前人紀錄,再加上地圖,實際做地圖判讀,運用所學得能力技巧,選擇判斷和風險評估我們所規劃的路線是否安全及正確。 


戶外生活 Outdoor Living

Understanding and demonstration of the following: Proper campfire use, camp establishment, and basic kitchen management. Proper selection, repair, and storage of equipment and clothing for self and others. Proper health and sanitation techniques. Plan for the safety, comfort, and organization of a group to get from one place to another and how it is done efficiently in a backcountry environment. Basic weather forecasting and the implications of the effects of weather on the comfort and safety of the group.

   

Example: 戶外登山的經歷

雖然我才剛接觸戶外不久,資歷還很淺,但是還是有幾次在戶外生活的經驗,例如2019年11月第一次的登山,那時我甚麼都不會,就必須從頭學起,從野炊、搭帳、地圖判別、天氣甚至是打包都要學習,具備這些技能才能支撐我在山上的生活大小事。從接觸戶外至今我總共去了百岳或是中級山五次,也在那邊度過好幾個夜晚,深深體會大自然的美好。儘管有時候會遇到惡劣的天氣,但當你看見美麗的風景就會忘記旅程中的艱辛。


後勤計畫 Planning and Logistics

Understanding of and ability to prepare an effective plan for group outings of seven or more days in a backcountry environment. Demonstration of ability to design and manage proper travel progressions. Understanding of and ability to adequately plan and package rations for a group of 5 or more for an outing of seven or more days in a backcountry environment.


Example:加里山/哈勘尼山

加里山近幾年來人氣爆棚,幾乎每個假日都人潮滿滿,雖然加里山的路線清晰,標示也很明確,但還是需要做好充分的事前規劃,才能確保安全的上下山,團隊必須進行分工合作、風險評估以及各項行前準備,例如:流程規劃、飲食安排、裝備打包、保險及交通。

DAY1

6:00 集合

6 30 出發

6 30-9 30 鹿場登山口 

9:30-9 50 整裝出發

9: 50-10 20 營地

10 20-12 00 紮營

12 00-14:30 哈勘尼山

14 30-1600營地

16:00-18 00 晚餐

20 00 睡覺              

DAY2

7 00-8 30 早餐整裝

8 30-12 00 加里山

12 20-15 30 營地

15 30-16 20 拔營、整理

16 20-16 40 登山口

17 00-20 30 歸賦




團隊領導 Leadership

Understanding and demonstration of ability to control ones own emotions and behaviors and adapt to stressful or dynamic situations. Understanding and demonstration of ability to maximize the potential of others and motivate them to attain shared goals to improve expedition behavior. Understanding and demonstration of task-specific knowledge to guide a group to attaining its goals. Understanding and demonstration of creativity while taking initiative and calculated risks. Understanding and demonstration of integrity and honesty putting the best interest of a group before individual desires.


Example:ROOT

ROOT是產經系每年開學所舉辦的新生訓練,帶領大一的新生登上人生第一座百岳,讓學生能夠接近大自然,而我曾當過ROOT11的指導員,在帶領大一新生的過程中,需要去面臨許多難題,例如:學員中的人際關係、體力、戶外技能以及行政上的事項。首先學員剛來到大學所以要建立他們的團隊凝聚力,不然可能很快就失去動力而退出課程,再來就是學員的身心靈及戶外技能,如果沒有培養好的身心素質很可能在山上發生危險。在帶領學員的過程中我也學習到了如何做出正確的決策、風險的評估以及處理突發狀況。



風險管理 Risk management

Understanding and demonstration of the knowledge, skills, and abilities needed to engage the process of identifying and implementing plans that control risk in outdoor activities. Demonstrate the ability to design, implement and evaluate an effective risk management plan. Demonstrate proper balance between the potential of risk with the educational benefits of adventure. 

Demonstrate the ability to manage group travel by moving a group in a safe manner. Demonstrate the ability to organize and implement search/evacuation procedures to locate group members in need of assistance.



Example:戶外攀岩的風險管理

戶外攀岩具有一定的危險性,在享受征服眼前的峭壁之時,我們也需要做好安全的防護,以便於將意外發生的機率降至最低,所以我們在攀岩時會做以下幾種確保。

1.確保員:當攀岩者在進行上攀之時,需要有一位確保員在下方進行確保,                        以確認攀岩者的安全,而兩人都需穿戴吊帶及頭盔,且確認裝備                       是否穿戴正確


2.上方確保(頂繩確保):繩子已經架設在上方的固定點上,攀登者一邊上攀確                                           保者一邊收繩 ,讓繩子保持收緊的狀態,因此攀登                                               者在攀爬的過程中如果鬆手了,墜落的距離很短。


3.先鋒確保:先鋒攀登是指沒有上方的繩子可供確保,攀登者需要自行架設                            繩索確保系統。攀登者上攀至固定點就需要將快扣以及繩子掛                           入固定點,即成為 一個上方確保的系統。不同的是,當攀登者                           離開已經架設好的固定點的高   度,繼續向上攀登,這時候攀登                        者若是墜落,會有一段較長的墜落距離。先鋒攀登的危險性較                             高。



環境整合 Environmental Integrationt

Understanding and demonstration of concepts that embody ecological and cultural literacy along with the cooperative planning and management skills needed to ensure the preservation of resources.  Demonstrates the capacity to perceive and interpret the basic health of environmental systems and take appropriate action to maintain, restore, or improve the health of those systems. Demonstrates the understanding of the theoretical foundations of environmental education. Understanding and demonstration of the civic responsibly to educate land users to reduce their impact on the backcountry as well as in their day to day lives. 


Example:LEAVE NO TRACE(LNT)

近幾年登山風氣盛行,間接導致原始的山林受到破壞,而『無痕山林運動』 的概念也隨之孕育而出,無痕山林主要分為七大準則,而主要就是希望大眾可以在親近山林的同時也保護好山林的環境,讓大自然能夠永續生存下去。我也在LNT之中學到很多知識,例如營地的選擇以及生火對環境的影響,儘管執行起來相對麻煩許多,但是也能對環境造成更少的影響


教育 Education:

Demonstrates understanding of education theory and foundations.  Demonstrates a variety of effective teaching and learning strategies in both traditional and outdoor environments. Demonstrates knowledge of teaching and learning skills to plan educational strategies and progressions. Demonstrates problem-solving and critical thinking skills to understand instruction and learner achievement. Demonstrates understanding of appropriate educational assessment practices and procedures.


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