邱煒程 | Khoo Wee Chern

連桿、拉桿、防傾桿的功能Connecting rod, tie rod, anti-roll bar function

By 邱煒程 | Khoo Wee Chern, March 09, 2019

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連桿、拉桿、防傾桿的功能
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桿身系統是底盤重要的一環,為了讓讀者分辨連桿、拉桿和防傾桿,文章分別撰寫各桿身的功能。 比如說,連桿是車架和輪胎中的固定橋樑,透過擺動來傳遞和吸收地面的衝擊力,讓輪胎的定位角度能控制在有限範圍內,也讓避震器發揮更佳的避震效果。此外,文章也提到強化連桿的材質與結構設計的不同,達到輕量化和追求高操控性。 連桿文章連結:1)https://carnews.com/article/info/b3807041-4b10-11e8-8ee2-42010af00004/ 2) https://carnews.com/article/info/b3affac8-4b10-11e8-8ee2-42010af00004/ 拉桿主要是提高車體和底盤的剛性來減少扭曲,尤其動力強的車需要更穩固的剛性來承受,將路面傳來的負載平均分佈並反饋部分力量給懸吊,通常會在引擎室內的避震器固定座、車底前後安裝拉桿。當受到猛烈的車側撞擊時,會從彎折處翹曲並緩衝力量,避免結構過多的折損而影響駕駛者的安全。 拉桿文章連結:https://carnews.com/article/info/b4055ae1-4b10-11e8-8ee2-42010af00004/ 防傾桿是為了抑制側傾而設計,採用彈簧鋼材質來承受前後懸吊的巨大負載,藉由本身的高彈性來分散單邊懸吊的過量負荷到另一側的懸吊,在車子直行後還能恢復原狀,但不代表鋁合金不適合製作防傾桿,某家廠商採用6061鋁合金打造防傾桿,但管徑必須比鋼材防傾桿更粗大才有同樣的強度。 防傾桿文章連結:https://carnews.com/article/info/b43d7a16-4b10-11e8-8ee2-42010af00004/ 雜誌文章採訪連結: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1guNzTb3s_VSGwxeDe8_BqnkxY3azXAIh?usp=sharing
The shaft system is an important part of the chassis. In order to let the reader distinguish the connecting rod, the tie rod and the anti-roll bar, the article writes the functions of each shaft separately. For example, the connecting rod is a fixed bridge in the frame and the tire. It transmits and absorbs the impact force of the ground through the swing, so that the positioning angle of the tire can be controlled within a limited range, and the shock absorber can also exert better shock absorption effect. . In addition, the article also mentions the difference between the material and structural design of the strengthened connecting rod, achieving light weight and pursuing high maneuverability. Link article link: 1) https://carnews.com/article/info/b3807041-4b10-11e8-8ee2-42010af00004/ 2) Https://carnews.com/article/info/b3affac8-4b10-11e8-8ee2-42010af00004/ The drawbar is mainly to improve the rigidity of the car body and the chassis to reduce the distortion. In particular, the car with strong power needs to be more rigid and rigid, and the load transmitted from the road is evenly distributed and some power is fed back to the suspension, which is usually avoided in the engine room. The rod holder and the bottom of the vehicle are equipped with tie rods. When subjected to a violent side impact, it will warp from the bend and cushion the force to avoid excessive structural damage and affect the safety of the driver. Tie article link: https://carnews.com/article/info/b4055ae1-4b10-11e8-8ee2-42010af00004/ The anti-roll bar is designed to suppress the roll. It is made of spring steel material to withstand the huge load of front and rear suspension. By its high elasticity, it can disperse the excessive load of the single side suspension to the other side of the suspension, and go straight in the car. After returning to the original state, it does not mean that the aluminum alloy is not suitable for making anti-roll bar. A manufacturer uses 6061 aluminum alloy to build anti-roll bar, but the pipe diameter must be thicker than the steel anti-roll bar to have the same strength. Anti-roll bar article link: https://carnews.com/article/info/b43d7a16-4b10-11e8-8ee2-42010af00004/ Magazine article interview link: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/1guNzTb3s_VSGwxeDe8_BqnkxY3azXAIh?usp=sharing

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