Learning how to make a CV doesn’t have to be hard

Following these tips can help your CV a lot

Generally known as a CV or vita, a “curriculum vitae” should be an overview of your life’s accomplishments. Most specifically those accomplishments that are relevant to your academic realm. In the United States of America the curriculum vitae is needed almost exclusively when you are pursuing a research, technical, education, or scientific job. The curriculum vitae can be a living document which will represent the developments within a person’s career and should be updated frequently. If you want to know how to make a CV, there are many resources on this page. A CV may seem like a drawn out version of your resume, but there are a few key differences that you must follow.

What are the major differences between a CV and a resume?

The biggest recognizable difference between most CVs and a correctly formatted resume is the length. Amateur resumes are generally limited to one page, two at the most. CVs usually run to three if not more pages. This doesn’t mean that length is the determining factor in the success of a CV. Try your best to present all of the relevant information that you feel applies, but you also need to try to keep it current and concise. The goal here is to present an outline of who you are, what you have done, and what you are capable of. Needless to say, you should not include sports trophies you’ve won or other “accomplishments” that are not professional and specific to the profession that you are trying to get a job in.

What SHOULD you include in a professional CV?

Personal details. The typical CV format starts out with personal details. This doesn’t mean ALL of your details. The employer is not interested in your family tree, what car you drive, or your pets’ name. There definitely are more details included than in a resume though. A typical CV may include the following:


  1. Name
  2. Address
  3. Country
  4. Telephone
  5. Cell Phone
  6. Email
  8. Date of Birth
  9. Place of Birth
  10. Citizenship
  11. Visa Status
  12. Gender
  13. Additional Personal Information:
  14. Optional
  15. Marital Status
  16. Spouse’s Name
  17. Children
  18. Education and qualifications.

You need to list the names of institutions and dates attended in reverse order; college comes before high school when listing. The schools listed here should be recognized institutions. If you took a free online course, or went to a seminar, those should usually not be included.

Work experience.

The typical style of employment record for the CV is the chronological CV. Career history is presented in reverse date order starting with most recent in the same way that you listed your education. Achievements and responsibilities are listed with every job listing. The more recent the job, the more information and detail should be included. Small details from positions you held many years ago are not as important as small details from your most recent job.


This is where you can list any skills that you have aquired over the years that may be beneficial to the position or field that you are applying to. Include all computer skills. If you took a basic web design class years ago, that would not be something you would want to list in your education section but you could list “web design experience” in your skills assuming you actually still can do a little web design. Do not list a foreign language that you are not fluent in. If you had two semesters of Spanish don’t list Spanish as a skill. The reason for this is that as the world becomes more globalized there is a big need for employees that are fluent in foreign languages. There’s a good chance that if you list another language under your skills section that the employer will expect that you will be able to speak that language fluently. Any training or experience that was not through an educational institution can also go here. For example, if you are trying to get a job as a sports medicine specialist you could list that you played six years of football and three years of baseball.

Hobbies and Interests.

This section needs to be kept short. Hobbies and interests are not as important of factors when deciding who to interview as actual experience in the field of expertise.


In a resume you usually list personal and/or professional references, but in a CV it is normal to list that references are by request only. This doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t have a list of references available though. You should have a list of references, but they should only be given out when requested.

One of the key things to remember when you start to make a CV is that there isn’t a typical format. There are several emphases in every discipline and to make a CV the most effective it can be, you must find the points that are regarded as being most important within your discipline and adjust your generic CV to fit what a CV normally looks like in that field.

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