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The importance of a powerful resume can’t be stressed enough. It’s more than just a document serving the purpose of a job application, but a great way to promote your professional image.
When writing a resume, you may have asked yourself many questions, such as how long should a resume be? Which resume format to adopt and how should the resume be designed? Or what is the best tool/platform to create a professional resume?
Among these challenges, what to put on a resume seems to be the most challenging. Some have a lot of information to share, whereas some don’t know what to write. There are also many different resume sections that are specific in their content, so you might find yourself asking more specific questions: what to put for the objective on a resume? What to write in skills in a resume? What to put under education? And so on.
No need to worry about that - we’ve put together what should be included in a resume, for both experienced professionals and first-job seekers.
Here are the complete key sections that must be put in your resume:
The contact information commonly goes under the name “About Me” in a resume, in which you provide basic details about:
Here’s an example of what to put in the resume profile:
253 Live Oak Street, Lolita, TX 77971
💡 Tip: Make sure you provide correct information, otherwise the recruiter can’t contact you for further notice.
You might also be wondering, what to put for the objective on a resume? As the name suggests, a resume profile, a.k.a the profile statement or resume objective, provides a brief, powerful summary of your qualifications, professional experience, and accomplishments in the field. It is commonly placed at the top of your resume to pique the employer’s interest from the start.
What to put in the profile of a resume? Note that a profile statement may comprise different types and each serves different purposes. A resume summary shows the employer how your experiences and skills will turn you into a perfect fit for the position, while a career objective demonstrates your motivation to apply for the job opening and states your goals on the career path.
Below are what to put in the summary of a resume:
Here’s an example of the resume summary for a debt collector:
Self-motivated Debt Collector with the ability to work in fast-paced environments and adapt to complex situations. Fully knowledgeable in federal and state laws of collection regulations. Highly proficient in negotiating payoffs and settlements with clients while assisting them with financial management and payment plans.
💡 Tip: Write a resume summary within 3 sentences - you may want to include more information in other key sections.
This section plays an important part in proving that you’re the right fit for the position, especially when you have plenty of work experience. If you are applying for higher positions, you need to make this part shine to impress recruiters and employers.
Below are what to put under “Experience” on a resume:
Below is an example of how to write work experiences in a .NET developer resume:
.NET Developer | Sama Corp., San Francisco
11/2017 - 09/2021
Jr. .NET Developer | Interlast, Charleston
10/2014 - 08/2017
💡 Tip: Unlike a CV, you should not include part-time and/or volunteer jobs which are not relevant to the opening position.
For many specific areas like finance and accounting, employers make decisions based on your educational background. They want to make sure that you have gained fundamental knowledge of the field or obtained any higher degree.
Here are what to put under “Education” on a resume:
Example of what to put under education in a resume for the first job:
B.S. in Business Administration, Accounting
The University of Texas at Austin, TX
Class of 2010
💡 Tip: The education section should be presented in reverse chronological order, starting with your highest level of education and moving backward in time for every subsequent degree.
What skills to put on a resume can further demonstrate whether you’re qualified for the job opening - either in terms of job performance or cultural fit.
Examples of good skills to put on a resume for Digital Marketing:
💡 Tip: Make sure you list out both hard and soft skills with 5 each.
With significant accomplishments in your career, you can make your resume stand out from the crowd and get a leg up on the competition.
Here’s an example of listing achievements in a resume for a controller:
💡 Tip: Include the awards and achievements related to the field only.
If you have more to bring to the table, include all in your resume as long as they’re relevant, for example:
💡 Tip: Be honest, concise, and focus on the job opening!
For fresh graduates or career changers, you may not have plenty of relevant work experience in the field. With not much experience, you might wonder, “Then, what should I put on my resume?”
Don’t panic - if you are wondering, “what do you put on a resume?”, here are some optional sections that you can use to deemphasize the lack of professional experience on your resume.
Volunteer work should be written in the same format as your work experience section. It means that you need to include the following information:
Even though you don’t have a lot of experience in full-time positions, personal projects can still benefit you in some ways, specifically when:
At some point, internships are similar to work experience. You also leverage your knowledge and skills to work in a professional organization. Thus, you can follow the format of the work experience section to write about your internships.
For a resume with no experience, the skills section is a key part and should be placed at the top of the resume. Here, you need to highlight what you are capable of as well as excel at so that employers can consider you as the right candidate for the role.
You should not only list out skills related to the position but also tailor this section to the job description.
Particular industries like Nursing, HR, Finance & Accounting, etc. require specific licenses and certifications. Hence, adding these should be a must among what to put on a resume for the first job.
Even when getting a relevant certificate is not a requirement for the job opening, listing this can beef up your resume.
The key difference between a resume and a CV is that a resume focuses on what is related to the position only. Recruiters and employers spend an average of 7 seconds reviewing an individual application. Thus, you may not want to waste his time going over irrelevant details.
Keep in mind not to submit your resume without checking the spelling, grammar, and vocabulary carefully. A resume with typos and grammatical errors will lead employers to think that you’re unprofessional and lack attention to detail.
You could hurt your chances of landing the job interview by adding an inappropriate picture, for example:
Strange as it sounds, many recruiters and hiring managers have warned of this as a common problem with job applicants. Email names are deemed unprofessional when they include nicknames and numbers instead of your real name.
Even when you’re seeking a creative job, it’s recommended you go for standard fonts which are easy-to-read and ATS-friendly.
Below are the best fonts for a resume:
Applicants were advised to include references on their resumes/CVs. However, this is outdated and inappropriate nowadays.
Employers have doubted the veracity of the feedback, so they think it’s unnecessary to include references unless specifically requested.
Honesty and reliability are what all employers look for in a candidate. As they haven’t met and worked with you, the first way to verify this is based on what you put on your resume.
It's important to list out hard skills, a.k.a. technical skills so that employers can see whether you are capable of performing a specific task or series of tasks to complete a job.
Besides that, you also need to highlight necessary soft skills such as teamwork, problem-solving, time management, communication skills, etc.
As a student, you can emphasize your achievements at school like a high GPA or any academic awards. Hiring managers might consider these as a good indicator of success on the job. If you have taken courses related to the job opening, list those on your resume as well.
Examples of good personal interests to highlight on a resume:
Below are some hobbies to include in a resume:
If you have several good personal traits, list those in a separate section aside from “Skills & Qualifications”, for example:
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--- Originally written by May Luong ---